Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro found the original, but not the best out of a difficult political crisis, which was his country. He announced the convening of a Constituent Assembly – legislature of a mysterious, surprisingly reminiscent of the Russian Advice of the century and has already convened once a predecessor of the current President, Hugo Chavez. To calm protests in the country is a return to the well-forgotten old lead is unlikely, but become a reference point in the civil war could.
As the true heir to the cause of Lenin, Maduro announced its intention to convene a Constituent Assembly on the day of struggle of workers for their rights on may 1. Under the cheers of his supporters, which was significantly less than every day out at anti-presidential demonstrations, he called for an end to «fascist putsch» (i.e., with protests held in the country starting in April) by changing the Constitution. This, he thought, should engage in «the working class of Venezuela» by the Constituent Assembly.
Later the President and his representatives, it was explained that he was referring to. Maduro wants Constitution to limit the powers of Parliament. De facto it has already happened: MPs, most of whom are opponents of the President, denied the right to adopt laws by a verdict of the Supreme court. In the relevant decree signed by Maduro, it is argued that the Constituent Assembly will consist of 500 people. Half its membership is formed of local authorities, half (and most intriguing) will present «the working class of the country.» That is, this part of the candidates to the members of the Constituent Assembly nominated by «worker collectives». So in our country at the time were formed the Councils of workers ‘and peasants’ deputies. In this case members of the parties elected to the Constituent Assembly forbidden, which automatically cuts off the participation of the opposition.
Something similar in Venezuela’s history has been. In 1999, Hugo Chavez also convened a Constituent Assembly. It is engaged in the development of a new Constitution (the old, the then-President called «dead» due to the fact that its provisions have been systematically violated), and in fact, cleansing of the state apparatus. Under the banner of the fight against corruption, Chavez then was able to remove his opponents from the Supreme court and limited the powers of Parliament. This gave him the opportunity to proceed with its social experiment – the construction of «Bolivarian socialism». Nevertheless, to make permanent the support of government, the Constituent Assembly, Chavez did not. A year later it disbanded and the powers of the Parliament (including the exclusive right to change the Constitution) was recovered.
There are, however, a significant nuance that distinguishes then the experience of Chavez and the actions of his successor. Maduro just announced the convocation of the Constituent Assembly. Chavez also previously enlisted the support of the idea in a referendum. In addition, the then Constituent Assembly was significantly lower in composition (it was 131 members), and only a few seats were reserved, and that for Amerindian communities. All this suggests that Maduro is going to do the latter-day Tips not temporary, but permanent body. If so, then the President will violate not only the spirit but the letter of the Constitution. It only provides for the convening of a Constituent Assembly and not just the job on a permanent basis.
The opposition leader Henrique Capriles called the idea of convening a Constituent Assembly «constitutional fraud». «People on the street will not submit to this madness!» — he wrote in his Twitter. Indeed, the decision Maduro has not calmed passions, but rather fueled the protests. The fact that he forgot the main component of the success of Chavez: that all the years of his reign actually had the support if not the vast majority, a very large part of Venezuelans. To boast of his successor could. Amplify the power of Chavez in 1999, the society racked by poverty and corruption, waiting. And the current protests caused by the fact that Maduro received additional powers — and all this against the background of an unprecedented economic crisis, growth of poverty, crime and the corruption, which accused the President’s inner circle, and especially the leadership of force structures.
The experts unanimously predict a strengthening of the confrontation in Venezuela. Moreover, because the Constituent Assembly it can just take on even more violent. Taking a course to retain power at any cost, Maduro cuts off his opportunity for dialogue with their opponents. Meanwhile, the number of dead in clashes between protesters and police in the streets of Caracas growing: gave their lives for 28 people.