Curiosity found on the slopes of mount sharp in the Gale crater traces of ancient lakes with a depth of several tens of meters, which indicate that reservoirs of liquid water existed on the surface of Mars over tens of thousands or even tens of millions of years, which increases the chances of the existence of traces of life on this planet.
As the scientists explain, at the bottom of each of the rivers and lakes accumulate a large quantity of silt, sand and other sediments that are pressed and transformed into a special rock. The thickness of this layer can define how long there was a particular body of water and its chemical composition and structure of the will talk about how he looked and changed over time.
A layer of such sediments with the thickness of 75 meters on the slopes of mount sharp in the center of the crater Gale, which drove the Rover as it travels to its top, gave researchers the opportunity to explore what bodies of water existed on the slopes of this crater in the distant past.
Whether there was life on Mars is still unknown, but the search for signs of life on any planet, be it Earth, Mars or more distant icy worlds always starts with the restoration of the environment to determine whether it is able to support life. NASA uses Curiosity to explore the habitable environment on ancient Mars.
For more than 1,700 mad (Martian days, the duration of which is 24 hours 39 minutes), Curiosity drove more than 16 miles from the crater and partially Gela to mount sharp. Scientists use all the data collected by Curiosity and other onboard instruments to form a more complete picture of the geological history of Mars.