the first of four planned for the creation in Russia of optical-laser system stations
space control started in the Altai region. CEO
Corporation «Systems of precision instrument making» Yuri Roy reports:
«The order to put on combat duty complex, which is very important not only for Russia but for the whole world, signed. It is a system of control of outer space. Such systems in Russia is only four — in Kaliningrad, the far East and in the Crimea, and the first delivered in the Altai. It jointly served by both civil and military, this system allows to detect space vehicles, fragments, nano-satellites, space junk that could threaten spacecraft and, in particular, the ISS». Yuri Roy
Altai optical-laser center is designed to determine
the angular coordinates and distance of space objects. Optical definition
the angles of declination and right ascension completes the measurement of the current
the navigation parameters of objects by means of radar. The location of the center
in the Altai selected because of the large number of clear nights per year, around 160.
The first stage of complex was launched into operation in 2006
year was a telescope, whose power gives you the ability to investigate objects on
a distance of 40 thousand kilometers.
It should be noted that the Internet news in many places
filed wrong: we are talking about the delivery of the complex on combat duty,
and the first of the four complexes, which are planned on the territory of the Russian Federation.
The system control space (SCCP) is working with
1970, the year when she was working on the basis of the radar «Dniester». For its time it
was very advanced system, but the radar were throughout the Soviet
Union, and after the termination of its existence, the integrity of the system was
critically broken. In the Baltic States new for that time station «Daryal»
blasted show, Ukraine has closed the «Dnepr», in Azerbaijan station,
time the most powerful in the world, was also closed. Of all stranded abroad
The radar remained in service only «Volga» in Belarus.
If to speak about fiber-laser systems, 2004
year on duty is a complex «Okno» in Tajikistan. At
the Professor of the Academy of military Sciences Dr. Kozyulin’s:
«His tactical and technical characteristics allow to observe space objects in orbits at altitudes from 120 km to 40 thousand km …the «Window» allow just that person to consider each derived space spacecraft — to describe its appearance, technical characteristics, to determine the nature of the behavior on orbit, and to draw conclusions about its true purpose.» Vadim Kozyulin
Now, a similar system exists on the territory of Russia.
Of course, the development of the SCCP is not limited to one station.
The main Directorate Spetsstroy of Russia also reported
about the beginning of the plant operation Center of the tracking space objects in
district of the city of Usol’e-Sibirskoe — this residence is primarily designed
to work in a unified system of missile warning of the country’s early warning system)
technical characteristics allow to find artificial space
objects the size of 10 cm in diameter. The expert, the General-the Colonel in resignation
Viktor Yesin, says:
Analysis of the maneuvers in outer space of different apparatus allows high accuracy to predict the start time of a massive missile and air strike air offensive. As you know, the group of spacecraft of the enemy, what maneuvers they were performing for the last time, and, accordingly, to take measures to parry the threat.Yesin, Viktor Ivanovich
By 2020 it is planned to put on duty more than 10
complexes of early warning system of new generation, strategically tasked to create a directory
space objects, superior to the American NORAD (the project’s main strategic
US command), which contains about 15 thousand registered objects.
The problem is quite solvable: now in the Russian catalog contains data on
12 thousand objects, and it is planned to increase its volume by half.
And it’s not just optimism, but a very reliable forecast.
Now in Vorkuta is built
radar long-range detection warning system
missile attack and space control «Voronezh-VP»,
representing just two of the radar — meter and centimeter range,
statement on combat duty is planned in 2018. Station «Voronezh» has already
built in Kaliningrad, the Leningrad, Orenburg and Irkutsk regions,
as well as in the Krasnoyarsk, Krasnodar and Altai territories, replacing the outdated radar
A single radar field over the entire territory of the country already
almost finished, full coverage has not been since the days of the USSR. The most
powerful in the world of radar «Voronezh», which are the basis of the system managed
to develop in such a way that their Assembly takes about one and a half years (previously
a similar station was built 5-9 years) — technology of high operational
When compared with the achievements in the discussed region of the United States,
The Pentagon has only one ABM radars with similar characteristics: radar UEWR
(Greenland), and it is more similar to the earlier station «Daryal». You can still
remember marine radar SBX, is also available in a single copy, and
mounted on the platform CS-50, built at the Vyborg shipyard, but her
the claimed range is only 4700 km.
Thus, the United States and other NATO countries, there were only two
Radar, somehow approaching the Russian developments, but we
Assembly of «Voronezh», figuratively speaking, put on the conveyor.
Moreover, already running
the first satellite 14Ф142 «Tundra» dedicated to monitoring launches
ballistic missiles and only in 2018 it is planned orbital group
of the 10 satellites. The sea is also planned to use the ships
A nice addition to nearly complete control systems
space and missile warning is
the possibility of using stations for peaceful purposes, for example to timely
detect space debris which could be a large meteorite. So
it turns out that Russia is defending not only himself but the entire planet.
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