Part of southern Europe including southern Spain and Portugal, may turn into a desert if global warming continues at the same rate as now, according to scientists from the University of AIX-Marseille. Their study published in the journal Science, informs Bi-Bi-si.
Scientists, Mediterranean region will be among the most affected in the world from global warming.In their study, the experts used historical data and computer models to predict potential impact of climate change. They have developed several scenarios, depending on the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and rising temperatures. The ecosystem of the Mediterranean sea basin will remain unchanged only if the increase in global average temperature of 1 degree Celsius compared to the preindustrial period. In fact, this growth has already occurred.If the average global temperature will rise by 2 degrees, the South of Spain and Portugal, and certain regions of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, southern Turkey and parts of Syria will become a desert by the end of this century.Mediterranean region due to global warming will suffer from droughts and high temperatures. This threatens the plants grown here, including oaks and olive trees.
The average temperature in the Mediterranean region have already risen by 1.3 degrees Celsius since the late nineteenth century.