The head of the Luhansk national Republic Igor Carpenter proposed to form a Union of unrecognized States (CIS). In his opinion, this will help to solve economic and political problems of such entities. This idea, he reports the Agency «new Russia», announced in the course opened in Lugansk scientific-practical conference «Recognition of States and governments: problems, barriers and opportunities».
«Maybe it makes sense to think of other questions about creating your CIS Union of unrecognized States? After all, if we live in one — Yes, it is very difficult, but if we did not recognize someone and for some reason, that we can recognize each other, to unite and to solve their economic and political, if it works out, questions?» — said Carpenter.
«Well, I don’t want us to recognize, unless we have in this life is over? You see, the lives of the LC, many of you have seen, the lives of the DNI, Abkhazia, Ossetia, and many others. We live and work. So let’s perhaps make one simple principle — to combine our efforts. None of us except ourselves at the moment will not help or wants to help. So let’s help each other», — appealed to the participants of the conference the head of the LC.
«Our people gave us that right. So why we don’t want or can’t use it?» — he concluded.
We will remind, Lugansk and Donetsk national Republic was formed in the spring of 2014 during the protest in several cities of Ukraine after the coup. Them could join Kharkiv and Odessa people’s Republic, but the Ukrainian security forces harshly suppressed protest in these areas, and against Donetsk and Lugansk began fighting.
May 24, 2014 was established the confederal Republic or Novorossiya Union of people’s republics of Novorossiya, the name of which displayed the continuity of the eponymous historical region of the former Russian Empire, which included, including the most part of Donbass. While the then head of the LC Valery Bolotov said that the creation of new Russia does not mean the Union of Donetsk and Luhansk independent republics, they will remain independent.
At the same time at the Congress in Donetsk was created by a «United national front» which, by design 145 of the organizers of the eight regions of the South-East of Ukraine, must unite supporters of federalization from all regions of Ukraine.
The Union of people’s republics existed essentially only on paper and has ceased to exist a year later. May 18, 2015 the Minister of foreign Affairs DND Alexander Kofman said that the «Novorossiya» project is closed for indefinite time. A similar statement was made by the speaker of the Parliament of new Russia Oleg Tsarev, adding that the project is «frozen» due to the fact that the creation of the new Russia is not provided signed by the leadership of the DNI and LC by the Minsk agreement, but may be renewed «if Kiev violates the declared truce, if there is a military escalation».
15 June 2016, former head of the LC Valery Bolotov announced the resuscitation of the project of new Russia. However, in January 2017, the head of the DND Alexander Zakharchenko confirmed that the Republic is not ready to unite for the Minsk agreements.
At the moment the independence of the DNI and LC recognized only by South Ossetia, whose independence from Georgia, in turn, is recognized by four States members of the United Nations (Russia, Venezuela, Nicaragua, Nauru).
Note that in the 90s there were already international organization, uniting the unrecognized States formed in the territory of the former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia — the Union of unrecognized States, established in 1992 in the composition of Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Serbian Krajina, Republika Srpska, Transnistria, NKR. In 1995, the year of Serbian Krajina as a result of military operations in Croatia ceased to exist, and the Republic of Srpska in the result of the Dayton accords has gained a recognized status in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina by terminating its membership in the organization.
In November 2000, in Tiraspol was born the new Association of unrecognized States (Commonwealth of unrecognized States, CIS-2): a contract was signed on the establishment of a permanent coordinating body — the Meeting of foreign Ministers and of the consultative Council at the expert level for preparatory work between meetings, which were supposed to be done at least twice a year. In the new Association entered Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Transnistria and NKR. After the recognition in 2008-m to year of Abkhazia and South Ossetia by Russia, the organization virtually ceased.
By the way, literally the day before this Chapter LNR said about the possibility of returning the Republic to the Ukraine, if there is change of power, and the country will cease to be a Bastion of Russophobia.
Speaking about the possibility of returning to the Ukraine, Carpenter has not yet revealed any «conditions,» recalls the Secretary of the Central Committee of OKP, and the former head of the press service of the foreign Ministry in Moscow DNR Daria Mitin.
He said that if the Kiev regime will cease to be a criminal-fascist, the «escaped» territories will be able to return to perekrestnoe state. This is evidenced by Russia, and any sane person. As for the mutual recognition of unrecognized States and their mutual support, this is a reasonable idea that is announced from the first day of the Ukrainian conflict.
Earlier the Ministry of foreign Affairs of DNR efforts of the former Minister Kofman has actively promoted the cooperation of the unrecognized States as the former Soviet Union and in other territories. Recently the Minister of foreign Affairs of South Ossetia Mr. Jioev, located in Donetsk with a visit to the honor of the Republic, signed the Treaty o friendship, cooperation and mutual economic assistance. Economic cooperation between them allows you to avoid many of the problems associated with the lack of international recognition. South Ossetia first to recognize the DNI and LC, there are attempts to establish trade and exchange of goods.
«SP»: — it was the new Russia. The project is closed, it announced its resuscitation. Can we go back to him than the urge to create a Union with Abkhazia and South Ossetia? The theme of the new Russia is still relevant?
— The theme of the new Russia is still relevant, as well as the actual idea of the complete liberation of Ukraine from the Nazi regime. Just on the big project of the new Russia lacked the political will of Russia and gunpowder from the anti-fascist forces in the regions of Ukraine, which could potentially be part of a great new Russia. But to form the new Russia from 31% of the former Donetsk and Lugansk regions, of course, ridiculous. You should start with the integration into a single state DNR and LC, which Moscow curators shall set up between an artificial and unnecessary barriers.
«SP»: — How the creation of unions will help solve the problems of unrecognized States, says Carpenter?
— Any integration allows to solve economic problems, to establish trade and other economic cooperation, interaction. But Plotnitsky, Zakharchenko, before talking about CIS-2, CIS-3, etc., we should start to remove customs barriers between the two republics, stepping on the business interests of those who such an Association prevent.
— The peace process in the Donbass comes to a standstill, gradually moving into the phase of «no peace, no war», — considers the political scientist, the Deputy Director of the National Institute of modern ideology development Igor Shatrov.
— Therefore, the Lugansk and Donetsk are looking for any way to convey to the world community objective information about the situation in the region. To do this, the republics seem to have been in need of a new international platform, and this requires international legal legitimacy. That’s the reason return to the theme of the Commonwealth of unrecognized States.
«SP»: — Carpentry offers to unite DNR and LNR with those who were formerly CIS-2: Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Nagorno-Karabakh. But how can I do that when even the DNI and the LC can not unite?
— We are talking about international relations, and not the creation of a single state. With regard to the separate existence of the DNI and LC in the presence of real opportunities for enterprises, here the reason for observance of the letter of the Minsk agreements. Is the DNI and the LC described there to change the political configuration, namely Donetsk and Lugansk will be charged with violation of the agreements. And these accusations are fair. So while Republic of Donbass are forced to be apart.
«SP»: — How is it partially recognized Abkhazia and South Ossetia? Why not mentioned the PMR and Nagorno-Karabakh?
— It does not threaten them. With regard to the LC and the DNI, for them, the priority of diplomatic relations with South Ossetia and Abkhazia, which are so-called partially recognized States. Transnistria and Nagorno-Karabakh are among such countries. Recall that a partially recognized States — a country that is not recognized by the UN, but recognized by individual States members of the United Nations. Diplomatic relations with such countries to enhance the legitimacy themselves the LC and the DNI.
«SP»: — If this Association has arisen, would have supported him in Moscow?
— I think that Moscow will not interfere with the self-determination of Donetsk and Lugansk, if other ways to improve the lives of citizens in the republics will remain, if Kiev does not return to the Minsk agreement and start to fulfill them. Oh, and what actions will be taken by the self-determined States in the international arena, it is their business. Russia will help the republics in that case, if it would not violate international law.
«SP»: — How such a Union could in reality improve the life in the republics?
— International recognition — and a new foreign economic relations. And these are new businesses and new jobs. Deprived of the Ukrainian market, Donetsk and Lugansk are forced to seek new avenues for marketing their products and new channels for the import of goods.