The Cairo agreement
News from Cairo about the signing of the ceasefire agreement between Fatah and Hamas were reports of regular but perhaps the most dramatic of many attempts to end the protracted ten years of conflict between rival Palestinian organizations. It significantly weakens the strength of the Palestinians, and reduces their chances to create an independent state.
Negotiations and signing of the agreement took place in Cairo. Reportedly present at the negotiations of representatives of special services of Egypt, according to the agreement, the Palestinian national authority (PNA), the headquarters of which is located on the West Bank in Ramallah, to restore full control over Gaza since December 1 this year. In addition, detachments of the Palestinian authority will take control of a checkpoint in Rafah, on the border between Egypt and Gaza.
A change of government hardly as-that will affect the supply of the inhabitants of Gaza from Egypt, because at Sinai continue to operate the Egyptian military entered (due to security concerns in the Sinai) restrictions on the traffic through CPC in Rafah. In exchange for concessions to Hamas, the Palestinian authority is willing to lift restrictions in the supply of electricity to Gaza, which in recent months have further complicated the already difficult lives of the two million residents of Gaza.
The Nomination Of Egypt
The conflict between Fatah and Hamas is evidence of a deep political, ideological and cultural contradictions in Palestinian society between the West Bank of the Jordan river and Gaza. In the summer of 2007 after a resounding victory in parliamentary elections, Hamas ousted from Gaza, the Palestinian authority, supported by the West, led by Fatah, concentrating in its hands all the power. The Palestinian authority, headed by 82-year-old Mahmoud Abbas, the President of the Palestinian authority retained control over the Palestinian enclaves in the West Bank of the Jordan river.
President Abbas in the near future should visit Gaza. This will be the first visit to the city a leader of Fatah during the last ten years. Earlier, Abbas said he was ready to regain control of the Palestinian authority over Gaza only in case of refusal of Hamas from power. Hamas is prepared to relinquish control over the Gaza strip, but refuses to fulfil the second condition of the Palestinian authority to disarm its 25-thousand paramilitaries.
A breakthrough in negotiations occurred in connection with changes to the situation in the middle East as a whole. We are talking about the prestige of Egypt, which seems to have replaced the Turkey and Qatar as mediators in the settlement of the internal Palestinian conflict. Cairo did not want to get involved in internal Palestinian violence, but in recent months, it seems, has dramatically changed the position. According to observers, this is partly due to the uprising of Islamic radicals linked to the banned in Russia «Islamic state» in Northern Sinai. The centre of rebellion located in the town of El-Arish, located near Rafah.
What do you say in Jerusalem and in Washington?
In Israel greeted the news of the signing of an agreement between the opposing Palestinian factions wary. Here this development a lot of enemies, which it is hoped that, like previous attempts, this too will fail. The grounds for such hopes is, because the previous agreement between Fatah and Hamas seemed so logical and smooth on paper, but could not withstand the test of life. Besides, a number of critical questions, for example, the fate of the 25-strong army Hamas, has remained outside the negotiations. This means that the ground for the potential of conflict remains.
Not everything went smoothly with the agreement and at the international level. The agreement between Fatah and Hamas cannot be considered an internal affair of the Palestinians, because Palestine lives through the help of the UN and international donors. Especially a lot of donors in the US, where Hamas is included in the list of terrorist organizations.
Hamas was forced to make concessions, not because of good life. The organization can’t actually control Gaza strip in connection with the blockade at the border between Egypt and Israel that has lasted for 10 years. As for Fatah, the compliant Mahmoud Abbas is due largely to the fact that it was time for him to retire. To retire from politics he wants as a liberator and unifier of the Palestinian people.